Eucalyptus viminalis and Eucalyptus fastigata both grow nearly as fast, coppice well, get fewer pest attacks, and if you get the odd straight one you can grow it for 30 years and get valuable durable timber. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. I have been on my property four years now, and this winter I have enough kindling and small wood from our own supply of prunings. Furniture, joinery, sliced veneer, benchtops, flooring, laminated beams, decking. Each of my trees has multiple purposes, and firewood is simply the end use of them all. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. The bonus is that it has very attractive timber, should you have enough large trees for milling by age 15-20.”. Eucalyptus botyroides The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. Do not plant any eucalypts within 30m of food plants, eg your vegetable gardens, as their roots go a long way. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. Eric’s favourite is Acacia dealbata (silver wattle). Puriri moth is also limiting for some species in our area, especially ash and alders. Eucalyptus Nitens grown in Ireland for firewood and biomass. . • the size of your block; However, both of these trees take many years to be mature for cutting. Eucalyptus have a much higher density than willow or poplar so these will produce longer burning logs and complement the other species well. Buy Now. The metre stick is against the trunk, 4m from ground level. Here are our favourites: John: Acacia melanoxylon The sap is very thin and if weathered outside for a season the wood is ready for burning. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens doesn’t coppice all that reliably. They are a fascinating, beautiful, versatile, and highly evolved group of trees and our mission is to help people select the right Eucalyptus tree for … This species of eucalyptus is evergreen and hardy. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. Eucalyptus nitens, shining gum Conditions: dry-moist soils (not wet), will tolerate humidity, frost, cold temperatures Very fast-growing which puts it at risk of being blown over. Page: 1 2 Next >> Sponsored links Back to top. • your ability to safely harvest; The heart timber is red to red-brown, high density, hard, ... E. nitens (shining gum) is slightly harder and denser again. Hello, I am delighted to have come across your blog article. I am currently looking into best practices; for example, best time of year for regrowth purposes and I am looking into production of eucalyptus oil. 4. Eucalyptus nitens, commonly known as shining gum or silvertop, is a species of tall tree native to Victoria and eastern New South Wales. “If you want a predominantly deciduous woodlot, you can include Japanese or hybrid larch which has a splash of autumn and winter colour, cones for kindling and is light enough underneath in winter to support bluebells and daffodils. It tolerates cool wet conditions but absolutely thrives in hot dry conditions too. The downside of this particular species is that it is one of the least hardy. Half the timescale of Ash. I can’t find much to disagree on with Eric Cairns. If you have a hectare or two of trees for forestry or horticulture, you won’t need to plant much specifically for firewood. “I haven’t included chestnut (too prone to root rot), robinia or elm (serious suckering and weed potential), and sycamore or cherry (which seed far too freely) even though they all have excellent timbers. Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) is similar but taller and grows in clay. Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood. Eucalyptus nitens (PLUG grown) Shining gum Ht 40-50m Mountains of Victoria. John & Colleen Brown – Tree Crops Association, Northern region, Why John and Colleen Brown don’t like gums. My advice is to grow different eucalyptus. If you have an average size lifestyle block (4ha/10 acres) and don’t want to plant a forest, you still don’t need to plant out a specific firewood block. This tree self-sows, establishes and grows quickly, and copes with drought, frost, cold, wet and acidic conditions. Shining Gum.A very fast growing variety with grey-green foliage that is ideal for shelter or firewood.Hardy and tolerates frost.Evergreen growing to approximately 30m. Buy Now. Of course, you can always throw on some citrus rind or rosemary to give a more powerful scent if you prefer. “If you have animals to feed, tagasaste makes both great drought forage and fuelwood although for firewood, it is best not to prune it. It is best split when green. A regime that has worked well for E. nitens being grown for veneer logs is as follows: Age 1 and 2 Form prune the most vigorous 300sph to remove double leaders and steep-angled branches. We first started growing Eucalyptus in 2000 and, bitten by the bug, we now produce them on a much larger scale. In a small woodlot, it’s a liability as a saw log unless you mill it yourself. very fast growth, has extraordinary vigour when grown in clays or moist loams, ... timber, firewood, honey production, p.. $1.80 . So what is this multipurpose gem, originally from the Canary Islands and now naturalised in NZ since the early 1900s? As you can see from the photo above, and below, Nitens grow straight and if planted in a close pattern and then thinned out will produce branch free trunks, with only the canopy of lush leaves. TARANAKI-CENTRAL DISTRICTS Dec 16, 2013 - Firewood (coppicing) trees: Eucalyptus nitens - Shining Gum - Tall, very hardy, exceptionally fast gum with excellent tolerance to humidity, frost, and dry to moist soils, but not prolonged waterlogging. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Age 3 to 4 Low prune the best 200sph when they are 5 to 6m tall, using a 6cm gauge, and thin out remaining stems. Ben Gaia – Tree Crops Association, West Coast. Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. Both are great multi-use trees and yield dense hot firewood. However, the aroma of burning eucalyptus has also been described as "medicinal," which can alter the flavor of baked goods and other foods. Plant the right trees and they can do double duty, like firewood, and shelter, amenity, and/or habitat. Hard to believe that the trees in the photo below are only fifteen years old Again they are from the Southern Hemisphere Farm Forestry New Zealand though New Zealand does have similar climatic conditions to Ireland. • not grow too large, should you not get around to harvesting it soon enough; Is Eucalyptus Good Firewood Yes. CENTRAL OTAGO And oak is one of the most sought after firewoods. I would suggest a mix of low-density wood for kindling and starting fires and high-density wood for slower burning and more heat. It’s very dense, splits well, burns cleanly, but is rather slow growing. • your time frames; Best firewood I know of is drooping sheoak (Allocasuarina verticillata) which they once used to drive the Murray river steamers. Busy bees and bellbirds flit between its flowers in the summer. And the firewood from brown barrel gum produces hot and lasting fires. Poly Pots are made from polythene, which is easily recycled ♻️ Our lifestyle block is above the valley between Queenstown and Arrowtown, near Coronet Peak, so we get cold winters, warm summers, and around 600mm annual rainfall. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. Manuka is not a tall tree so it’s easy to fell and it is not difficult to cut the slash from the firewood. Eucalyptus nitens - PB3/4 (50/60) - Shining Gum. WELLINGTON – HOROWHENUA Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. The key is planting trees that do well in your region. Plump kereru browse its lush foliage on a frosty winter’s day, hanging heavily in the branches. If he had to start again and for firewood over specialty timber, Eric says he’d choose trees that suit his unique conditions on his Upper Hutt block. Acacias can also be good early spring pollen for bees. WAIKATO Some kanuka could be retained to grow to a much larger size. Eucalyptus Nitens are a suitable Eucalyptus for costal areas. The pictures show our last original tree, recently felled. WEST COAST “For wetter soils, there is nothing wrong with poplar. SWP research is focusing on the potential to improve the solid wood properties of E. nitens, enhancing its potential value for growers. Quick view ... Brown Barrel / Eucalyptus Fastigata - 25 Seeds! The awakening of dormant buds at leaf and branch nodes. He says the best species for any block, anywhere in NZ, depends on five factors: Those on the flat were killed by frost the first winter but those on the hill have provided excellent firewood and the older trees have self-seeded. very fast growth, has extraordinary vigour when grown in clays or moist loams, likes really tough cl.. $1.80 eucalyptus ovata - swamp gum. Denis Hockings – farm forester, Bulls. "Eucalyptus are our thing! The hybrid cypresses are great for firewood – you can shave off kindling thinner than cardboard. • your local climate; What’s left is great firewood, dense and full of energy. tree is very hardy and grows rapidly in any reasonable soil. Strong healthy trees with good root growth establish quickly and will require minimal if any aftercare. Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. Buy Now. When I was planning my property an elderly gentleman said to me that if I was planting fruit trees, I wouldn’t need to plant firewood trees. Eucalyptus firewood is known for burning very hot. Any pieces not suitable for woodworking are fantastic firewood, and the rest makes great mulch. I am ready to harvest my first lot any time now. “For those keen on oaks, there are now many species of evergreen Mexican oaks readily available. The ones we planted have become an embarrassment as they grew like triffids before we got around to harvesting them and now they are too big to fell safely. Large blue-green juvenile foliage matures to longer, darker leaves. Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. It doesn’t coppice but readily regenerates from its own seed. My personal experience of Nitens has been that they enjoy hydration and after improving the soil with diluted milk Kefir they really started to enjoy themselves  Eucalyptus Nitens as it likes to drink, they didn’t enjoy the drought of 2018 A great tree for wet areas in Ireland, the photo below is from a mature Nitens forest in New Zealand planted in a boggy gully. The blueish juvenile leaves lengthen with age and the tree will grow to perhaps 60 metres. They coppice well and this is strongly recommended unless you have access to a large chainsaw and a log splitter. COASTAL OTAGO boglizard uses cookies I'll assume you're ok with this if you continue to use this site, but you can opt-out if you wish. When burning it will pop and spark a lot. Grow Your Own Firewood A selection of our faster growing Eucalyptus species suitable for growing in different environments in the UK, chosen for their ability to produce an excellent crop of high quality fuel in a relatively short period of time; between 5-12yrs for first harvest. A very fast growing Eucalyptus making an excellent choice for coppicing, firewood and timber. Also known as shinning gum because the adult trees have bright light coloured bark. (Fast Growing Timber) $4.00. Eucalyptus nitens (shining gum) Eucalyptus nitens is a hardwood species with a pretty excellent form. Subsequently, wood transverse slices from the seized eucalyptus logs morphologically identified as being E. globulus and E. nitens found in the trucks were collected for dendrochronology comparison. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. Colleen: Poplars (Tasman, Yunnanensis) • burn cleanly. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) is another good choice. add to cart. Twenty years ago we planted 30 Eucalyptus nitens, dividing them between the flat and the hill above. Additionally, samples for DNA comparison were taken from the truck: slice of wood from E. nitens tree (EN219) and stem still attached to E. globulus 000829320734 tree in truck (EG2023). Root pathogens that might affect eucalypts probably won’t attack the cypresses, although the cypresses can be vulnerable to windthrow (where tree are uprooted or broken by high winds) and I’ve had a patch of mine topple in an easterly storm. It tends to die out with root rot after about 10 years but produces excellent resinous firewood after 3-4 years, and the pigeons, tui, and bellbirds love it.”, AUCKLAND – NORTH Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. Browse and purchase our Eucalyptus nitens and other products online or instore at Southern Woods. Return them to me, and I will. There was one exception LOL and to start with I thought it was a rough plant, but it’s definitely a Nitens  Pictured below, about ten weeks from germination ! The timber produced by eucalyptus fastigata is gorgeous, making it a suitable choice for furniture. “The eucalypts would be thinned after 5-8 years to around 8m centres, and I’d retain the best trees for vineyard posts or landscaping timber (as sawn timber starting after 15-20 years). $105.00. Initially these trials were wide ranging, though it was quickly established that Eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber. Among the top options for denser wood, I would nominate the denser acacias. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. They should all have a sign around their trunks when planted that says ‘I must be harvested before I turn 5’. Tree lucerne is quick growing and provides much-needed wind shelter and the trimmings can be fed to stock or make great compost. Acacia mearnsii or black wattle is good firewood, and its copious spring flowers provide pollen for bees, but it may become a weed problem. We are a international supplier of New Zealand Native & Exotic Tree & Shrub seed, NZ Native Ornamental Grasses, Tussocks & Smaller Plant seeds Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. The Eucalyptus nitens plantation was just over 4 years old and the trees are 12m in height already! And I still like E. saligna, it is a great coppicer, has red, moderately durable timber and is fairly shade-tolerant. Description. • split easily; The long-time Tree Crops expert planted most of his block in specialty timber trees, which means he also gets a range of beautiful firewood thanks to thinning and windfall branches. On the other hand, it tolerates harsh, dry, exposed sites, and male trees are attractive in the autumn. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It has smooth greyish bark, sometimes with thin, rough bark near the base, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and cup-shaped, barrel-shaped or cylindrical fruit. Is very susceptible to sawfly, ophilemus and leaf lerp although some bio-control is now available with parasites. Nitens do not have lignotubers, and are therefore not suited to coppicing. Oh, and pohutukawa honey is the best. I’d avoid the weedy species like sycamore and black wattle, and exotic ‘bird food’ berry species which are invariably weedy (eg cherry, holly, berberis, cotoneaster, eleagnus, hawthorn). Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. Once the temperature eased back to the high 20°C to low 30°C they started growing again. Grape prunings have taken the place of pine cones for a fire starter. Manuka has a flaky bark which makes excellent kindling. Eucalyptus nitens… Eucalyptus nitens Shining gum is a fast growing and large Australian tree introduced to New Zealand as a fast growing coppicing tree suitable for firewood and timber. Eric Cairns has dedicated his life to growing trees. Detailing Gunnii, Nitens and Viminalis. A good species for firewood as it coppices well (resprouts after cutting); also used for very fast shelter (5m in two years on fertile sites) and pulpwood. Sheryn Deans –  tree cropper, Tirau. The acacias would provide nitrogen and leaf litter to help breakdown the eucalypt leaves and bark and are capable of growing under a eucalypt canopy. Ian Stewart – NZ Tree Crops Association, Central Otago. It’s a toss-up between tree lucerne (Chamaecytisus palmensis, tagasaste) and pohutukawa. It was very noticeable that the Nitens grew very quickly to start with when the temperature was average in late spring, but then slowed down considerably, and more or less stopped growing when the temperature got into the mid 40°C range. As we have an open fire, no doubt this winter I will be learning which wood sparks and which burns well with the bark still on, but I am also looking forward to discovering the different smells of burning cherry, or apple, or hickory (hazelnut). Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Advantages: propagated from poles for free, very even, straight, quick growth, easy to fell, split and stack, coppicing allows harvest every three years, dries quickly and borer doesn’t seem to attack the stored wood, very easy to mulch the branchlets, foliage good as stock food. You could plant it at 2-4m centres, as single species and then thin out to allow the better ones to grow fatter. We cut big branches of tagasaste in late winter and early spring as nourishing fodder for ewes during lambing. No Reserve. Then there are oaks, alders, poplars and willows, walnut, hazel, and honey locust that would also do well. A fast-growing tall, straight tree. Eucalyptus nitens Myrtaceae (Deane et Maiden) Maiden ECOLOGY E. nitens occurs in the hills and valleys in mountain areas, sometimes as small pure stands and often forming part of a mosaic of Eucalyptus species. They can however be pollarded or cut down completely for logs. Starting in the late 19th to early 20th century trials of Eucalyptus trees were planted with varying degrees of success. “I read all the coppicing articles and planted scores of different timber species 20-25 years ago, so am now well qualified to give advice!”. The best way to recycle poly pots is to reuse them ! When cut for firewood, even finger-thickness branches are worth keeping for the firewood pile. “I would plant coppicing species, but also some that don’t easily regenerate. Most of the above-mentioned species will coppice quite well. These would be planted in mid to late spring at approximately 2m centres (ex-rootrainer stock). • be moderately wind firm; The redwoods and cryptomeria seem more resistant to wind damage, and of course, redwood is another excellent coppicing species. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. • be at least medium density; The sheep eat all the leaves and small twigs and chew off the tender bark. Most of my customers are a bit sceptical of Nitens when they see the young trees, as they do look unusual  As above though, they grow into exceptional trees very quickly. • grow fast; A lot of people like Eucalyptus nitens but I find it usually grows too fast so it blows down easily. • your soil type/s. I took his advice and since then have planted about 150 fruit, nut and fodder trees. If I was nervous about future log size, they might all be felled before getting too large. Eucalyptus: Doubts, Creeds, Myths, Facts e Realities Part 02: The opinion of the "favorable interested parties" As I have already said in the past edition of the Eucalyptus Newsletter, the Eucalyptus trees are able to bring emotions that travel from the most pure love and admiration to the most warm positions against their planting. Interestingly the year I started my Eucalyptus business, 2018 which was exceptionally hot ! Buy Now. Why not occupy some of the understorey space with advance regeneration of a cypress such as a Leyland hybrid or C. ovensii. There are some drawbacks, however. The tallest self-seeded sapling is 4.5m at two years of age. Timber is very hard and durable with a beautiful creamy-yellow colour. So make sure your good on that (fireplace screens and that type of stuff). It requires adequate moisture. Here’s a video of a forest of Nitens in Southern Australia. “Some smaller stem size is always needed to keep low-intensity fires going so in a separate area, I’d plant some kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) or manuka (Leptospermum scoparium). But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Disadvantages: very greedy root system, firewood not as hot as some, but quick heat. They burn really well and have desirable timber so they are worth pruning up. The other drawback is availability. The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. NEW SIZE 100 x BLUE Polypropylene Firewood SACKS PPE Bags 470mm x 810mm Start price. Wendy Evans – Wellington/Horowhenua Tree Crops Association. Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. According to the research I have done, expect to start harvesting firewood in about 7 to 10 years. Small firewood forests. Growth rates of over 2m per year in ideal conditions. Eucalyptus nitens occupies the largest area of any eucalypt species in New Zealand, thanks to its suitability for high-quality pulp. NOTE they were in a poly tunnel. Others who live in a region where eucalyptus is prevalent have used the firewood for years, have not had any issues and love it. In its natural habitat, the climate is cool to warm, or humid to subhumid, with the mild summers rarely having very high temperatures. These cookies do not store any personal information. “We have some winter frosts, north-facing slopes, 1500mm annual rainfall, heavy clay soils, are subject to rare easterly turbulence but no salt burn. As a result, eucalyptus is not a wood that most homeowners would choose for a wood-burning stove used for cooking.

eucalyptus nitens firewood

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